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The Constitution of the United States
Its Sources and Its Application

Article I
Article II
Article III
Article IV
Article V
Article VI
Article VII
Letter of Transmittal
1st 12 Amendment Proposals
"Bill of Rights" Amend. I - X
Amend. XI -XXVII
Landmark Court
Case Index
Missing Original 13th Amendment
Constitution History
A Quiz for Loyal Americans

A Quiz for All Loyal Americans on
The Constitution of the United States

This quiz was published with the book "The Constitution of the United States" as presented to the Junior and Senior Students of High Schools across the Nation from the 1930s through the 1960s. Try finding a book or quiz like this in our "government administrated" schools of today!

Can You Answer These Questions?


Finding for yourself the answers to the Quiz Questions in this site, you will discover -- if you do not already know -- the principles which have made possible the American Way of Life, with its incomparable advantages and achievements.

Here is a facinating pastime as well as the most profitable of quizzes -- for this quiz offers a GRAND PRIZE TO EVERY CONTESTANT.   It offers you sound knowledge and appreciation of The Fundamentals of Liberty -- The Most Precious of Possessions. You will discover "The Mainspring of ALL Human Progress" -- The Human Being's God-Given Inherent and Inalienable Right to Liberty Itself!

Human energy cannot operate effectively except when men are free to act and be responsible for their actions. But liberty does not mean license; for no one, not government, not anyone, has a right to infringe upon the rights of others.

Whoever lacks that knowledge lacks the weapon
to defend his own rights and the rights of others.


Here are 95 Quiz Questions together with "answer reference list." Numbers in ( ) after each question refer to pages in the Norton Book presented at this site and each are hypertext links.

I.   On Form or Plan of Government

1. What is a form or plan of government for -- what is it intended to accomplish? (7)

2. Where does the power to set up a form of government reside? Quote President Monroe on that. (1)

3. How did Judge Cooley define a Republican form of government? (166)

4. What did the supreme Court of the United States say on the Republican form of government? (168)

5. Of what form is the government of the United States? Of each of the States? (166)

6. What did Washington say about our need for an enlightened public opinion. (vii)

7. State what nations adopted our Constitution in whole or in part. (ix)

8. Give Bryce's definition of a "rigid" Constitution. (ix)

9. What is the most remarkable example of that form? (ix)

10. How is a rigid constitution altered or improved? (ix), (170)

II.   On the Separation of the Powers of Government

11. Give the classical statement of the American theory of the need for the separation of the three inherent powers of government. (x)

12. When and where was it written? (x)

13. Quote Jefferson on the necessity of putting constitutional chains on the mischievous man in power. (viii)

14. Did the writers of the Constitution fear groups and parties in power as well as men? Quote Madison on this. (viii)

15. What three grand divisions of National power does the Constitution make? (8), (99), (131)

16. Quote President Monroe on the most important of the three divisions. (8)

17. What did Hamilton say on the relative power of the three divisions of the National Government? (137)

18. What powers were reserved by the People to themselves? (225)

19. What powers did the States withold from the National Government and what did the supreme Court say respecting these reserved powers? (226-227)

20. What demand was made for a Bill of Rights against the National Government, and why? (194 - 197)

III.   On the Place and Powers of the States

21. Quote the supreme Court on the sovereign powers of the States which they possessed before the adoption of the Constitution and with which they did not part by that instrument. (226)

22. What sovereign powers of the States were surrendered by them to the Nation? (90), (91), (96)

23. What did Jefferson say about home rule by the states and against the eventual transfer of all the offices to Washington? (226)

24. Is it the State or the Nation that has power (known as the police power) "to guard the public morals, the public safety, and the public health, as well as to promote the public convenience and the common good? (227)

25. What protection does the Nation guarantee to the States? (227)

26. What contribution of material and thought did the States make to the writers of the Constitution in the Convention at Philadelphia? (x)

IV.   On the Legislative Department (the Congress)

27. Is there any law-making power outside of Congress? Quote words to sustain your answer. (8)

28. How does a bill introduced by a member of the Senate or of the House of Representatives become a law? (38)

29. How many powers does the Constitution confer on Congress? (43 - 79)

30. What powers are forbidden to Congress by the People in their Constitution? (82 - 89), (197 - 226)

31. What law is superior to a law enacted by Congress, and when? (176)

V.   On the Executive Department (the President)

32. Is there any executive power outside the President? Quote words to sustain your answer. (99)

33. Has the President power respecting legislation? (38)

34. Enumerate the powers conferred by the Constitution on the President. (110 - 126)

35. When may the Vice-President succeed the President? (107)

36. Quote the supreme Court on the President's inability to make laws. (129)

37. What difference do you find between the oath prescribed in the Constitution for the President and that required from the other officers of the Nation and those of the States? (110), (170 - 181)

38. Quote what Jefferson said on the tyranny which the Executive would exercise in the remote future. (196)

VI.   On the Judicial Department (the Courts)

39. Where does the Constitution place the Judicial (law interpreting) power? (131)

40. Is the Constitution itself a law which it is the duty of the courts to uphold and enforce as they do all other laws? (176) And what officers are bound by oath to support it? (110), (179 - 181), (181)

41. Give the gist of what Hamilton said in the Federalist on the function of the Courts when an inferior law conflicts with a superior law. (130)

42. Compare that with what Chief Justice Marshall later said on the same subject. (xv)

43. Name the subject to which the Judicial extends and applies. (136 -144)

44. What incomparable virtue did Professor Dicey of Oxford University find in the system of Constitutional courts invented by the Founders of Our Republic? (180)

45. State briefly what the historian John Fiske wrote of the importance of the Judiciary, and of the influence it had in the establishment of the Republic. (131)

46. What did Hamilton say on the relative powers of the three Departments of the National Government and the necessity of protecting the Judicial Department from attacks by the Legislative Department and the Executive? (137 -138)

VII.   On the Bill of Rights

47. What provisions in the Constitution as originally drawn and submitted to the States for ratification are of the nature of the Bill of Rights? (196)

48. On what fears were additional provisions demanded restraining the National Government, and where were the demands expressed? (194)

49. What did jefferson write to Madison on the need for a Bill of Rights? (196)

50. Quote the first five words of the Bill of Rights which was added to the original Constitution. (197)

51. How many articles in the Bill of Rights, and against what government (National or State) are their prohibitions directed? (227)

52. What similar Declarations of Right had the American colonists made against the King and the Parliament of England? (195)

53. Had the English people ever made Declarations of Right against the tyrannies of their government at home? (195)

54. Name five liberties of the American protected by the first ten amendments to the Constitution from tyrannical action by the Government of the United States. (197 - 226)

VIII.   On Declaring and Waging War

55. To what department of the National Government do the people, by their Constitution, commit the power of declaring and conducting war? (70)

56. What Department is empowered to raise and support armies? Is there any limitation on this power? (73 - 74)

57. Who is commander of the Army and the Navy during war? (110)

58. What limitation does the Constitution fix to prevent Ambition and Vanity from marching to glory? (73)

59. Quote what Alexander Hamilton said in the Federalist on this restriction respecting war-making. (74)

60. What device is employed in England to keep the army down in numbers and in control? (73)

61. Was the power to declare war conferred for "the purpose of aggression or agrandizement?" (71)

62. How must the United States acquire territory when it needs it? (71 - 72)

63. What weekness in the Articles of Confederation, our first constitutional frame of government, were found respecting the conduct of war? (75)

64. Why, in your opinion, was Section 8 of Article 1 of the Constitution, near its close, made to reserve to the States the power to appoint the officers of the militia (State military forces) and the authority to train those troops? (77)

65. Why, do you believe, did the conventions in the States which ratified the Constitution regard that provision as insufficient and insist upon the addition of the Second Amendment or Article II of the Bill of Rights? (206)

66. Watch whether this constitutional militia of the people and the States is -- without an amendment to the Constitution -- being put out of existence by act of Congress establishing a national conscript army. (206)

67. For what purposes only may Congress call into the service of the Nation the militia of the States? (76)

68. One man declared the World War I in 1914. At least how many men must participate in a declaration of war by the United States against another nation? Explain how you reach your conclusion. (26), (71)

69. How many men did the United States enroll for World War I? How many went into service in France? How many were in combat at the front? (75 -76)

IX.   On the Writers of the Constitution

70. How many of the thirteen States sent delegates to the Constitutional Convention at Philadelphia? (xiv)

71. By what authority did the delegates sign the Constitution which they drafted? (188)

72. What did they mean by writing in the Preamble "a more perfect Union," and what did Washington say on this in his Farewell Address? (2)

73. When they wrote in the Preamble "We the people of the United States," did they mean all the people in one mass, or did they refer to the peoples of the several States united? Do the people of the United States act as one body or as States? (1)

74. What plans for a Constitution were brought into the Convention by delegates? (xi)

75. What scholarship was in the Convention and what did Edmund Burke say in the English House of Commons of the legal learning of the Americans? (xi)

76. Tell of the educational advantages offered by the country at that time. (xii)

77. How long did the delegates to the Convention labor at their task? (190)

78. Who presided over their deliberations? (xiv), (186)

79. Quote President Monroe on the importance of their achievements. (186)

80. What two members of the Convention helped in writing the Federalist papers (now know in book form as "The Federalist") addressed in explanation of the document to the people of New York to persuade them to require ratification? (187)

81. How many papers were so published? (188)

82. Into how many languages were they translated? (188)

83. How many delegates did the States choose to go to the Constitutional Convention? (188)

84. How many went? How many were present at the signing? (188 - 189)

85. Of those present how many and who refused to sign? (188 - 189)

86. Why did they refuse? (188 - 189)

IX.   On Taxation and the Limitation Thereof

87. In which of the three Departments of the National Government is the power to tax vested by the people through their Constitution? (43)

88. Name the purposes for which taxes may be levied and collected. (45)

89. Does the specification of those purposes prevent taxation for other purposes? (45)

90. Were objections raised in the ratifying conventions of the States that the words "general welfare" would permit unlimited taxation; and what was Madison's answer to this in "The Federalist"? (45)

91. How many paragraphs granting power to Congress in section 8 of Article I? (43 - 79)

92. Quote President Jackson on the menace of appropriations of money by Congress for local advantage in the States. (45)

93. Name some other Presidents who vetoed such appropriations. (46)

94. What meaning did the supreme Court give in 1935 to the words "general welfare"? (45) (For in-depth research see

95. What did President Harding say about the nature of a just government and why? (45)

Our Constitution is the best plan ever made to assure the freedom and to release the creative powers of men. The guarantees of life, liberty and property made possible the American Way of Life. It has stimulated more new enterprise and invention, and has given to the people of this nation a higher standard of living, better housing, more food, greater freedom in their civil, religious and personal lives than any other people in history have enjoyed.

Our Constitution is a landmark in the age-long struggle for the Liberty of the Individual, The Mainspring of All Human Progress.  In it are guaranteed all the freedoms. It is your shield and armor so long as its provisions prevail and so long as the majority of our people sustain them in their original strength and significance.

You may decide, as have other loyal Americans, that you would like to arouse in others the reverence you feel for this great document which underlies all our liberties. If so, and you wish to see that copies get into other hands, you can buy a CD with the complete files on this site to study off-line and to give as gifts to other loyal Americans -- Send an email below to inquire.

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